How to heat your home is the first thing that comes in your mind, it will affect the comfort, energy costs, air quality and of course the safety of your home for the coming years. Since installation of heating systems in your home is very expensive you need to look carefully at energy efficiency. Heating systems consumes more than 40 percent of your household costs and 65 percent for larger homes and families.
How much heat is required to adequately and efficiently heat your home is the first thing you need to do. The heating load of a house depends on the climate, size as well as the style of the house, air tightness, the amount of heat given off by lights and appliances, thermostat setting are the factors that determine how much heat must be put into your home by the heating system over the annual heating season.
The following are the types of heating systems.
Furnaces – it will distribute the heated air through a system of supply and return ducts.
Steam Boilers – heat water until it becomes vapor so it distributes the stream through pipes to radiators. Radiators will distribute heat into room, the condensed water then returns to the boiler for reheating into steam.
Hydronic Boilers – it is also called the hot water systems, it will need to use the pumps and valves to move heated to radiators, baseboard convectors, or radiant floor systems. Some areas of the house can be zoned for the purpose of adjusting the temperature separately in each zone.
Space Heaters – Heaters that heat a single room or the whole house with an open floor plan. a wide variety of space heaters use different types of fuels.
Woodstovesv – it can range from 50percent to almost 80percent, depending on their construction and on how they are used. By maintaining the stove temperature high enough to completely burn the wood and combustion gases you can increase the efficiency of your woodstove. You must consult the manufacturer or the supplier for recommended temperatures.
Fireplaces – The best and great for aesthetics and ambiance is by burning of wood or wood-burning fireplaces, but it will typically lose more heat than they generate.
Electric Heat – in Vermont this is the most expensive energy source, during the coldest period of winter and if electric heat is utilized, Vermonts energy demands will increase, ultimately leading to higher electricity rates.
Some basic information in selecting a heating system,
1 Greenhouse, industrial building, poultry, hog, farm building and the Size and type of building,.
2. Type of covering
3. Crop to be grown
4. Lowest outside temperature in winter
5. Average outside temperature in winter
6. high wind conditions ( generally use 15 mph wind speed in our calculations)
7. Bench or ground grown crop
8. Voltage and electrical information
9. Your choice of energy source
10. Do you have a standby generator?
11. Dimension of building.